Table of Contents Table of Contents
Previous Page  31 / 298 Next Page
Show Menu
Previous Page 31 / 298 Next Page
Page Background

Vico’s Ring


Rome, Edizioni di storia e letteratura, 2010. In so far as so much specific ma-

terial in

Diritto Universale

flowed into

Scienza nuova

, Ruggiero’s commentary is

also highly valuable for the understanding of the latter. See also Id.,

Il sistema

delle leggi e la finzione poetica nel

Diritto Universale, cit., pp. 181-205. A. R. Ca-

ponigri commented: «The “Nova Scientia Tentatur” clearly contains, in a fa-

vorite phrase of Croce’s, the

Scienza Nuova

and particularly the “nuova arte

critica” “

in nuce”

(“in a nutshell”)» (Id.,

Philosophy and Philology: The “New Art of

Criticism” of Giam Battista Vico

, in «The Modern Schoolman», 59, 1982, 2, pp.

81-116, p. 85; also published as

Filosofia e filologia. La «nuova arte della critica» di

Giambattista Vico

, trans. by M. P. Fimiani, in «BCSV», XII-XIII, 1982-1983,

pp. 29-61, p. 32).


In English as

On the Study Methods of our Time

, trans. by E. Gianturco,

preface by D. Ph. Verene, Ithaca-London, Cornell University Press, 1990.

However, the inaugural oration of 1719 which in its original form has been

lost, should not be overlooked; see R. Ruggiero,

Nova Scientia Tentatur

, cit., p.



As M. Sanna explained, Vico envisioned grounding historiography

(“philology”) in first principles (“philosophy”), and by doing so, making it a

“science” (Id.,

Le epistole vichiane e la nascita dell’idea di scienza nuova

, in «BCSV»,

XXIV-XXV, 1994-1995, pp. 119-129, p. 123). It is the title of Chapter 1 of

the Second Part, “On the Constancy of Philology”, in Book II,

On the Constan-

cy of the Jurisprudent

(The First Part is “On the Constancy of Philosophy”). See

«NVS», 23, 2005, pp. 31-41.


It is also reproduced in

Keys to the

New Science, cit., pp. 47-50. J. D.

Schaeffer calls it «a first sketch of the chronological table in book 1 of the

New Science

(1730/1744)» (


p. 45). We are arguing for a more fundamental

and deliberate process of transformation. Ruggiero also observed: «La tavola

cronologica vichiana mostra assonanze con quelle tentate dagli altri cronografi

sei-settecenteschi (Vico’s chronological table shows discrepancies with those

proposed by other 17




century historians)» (Id.,

Nova Scientia Tentatur,

cit., p.

151, footnote 1). See also V. Placella,

La mancata edizione veneziana della

Scienza Nuova, cit., p. 175, footnote 42. Chronological tables, of course, were

not an invention of the early modern age, witness the late classical chronicles

of Eusebius and Jerome.


Scienza nuova

1730/1744 includes also a column for “Scythians”, and see

§§ 99-100 for an inkling regarding reasons for their insertion and inclusion by

virtue of their “esoteric wisdom”, which is to play a key part in the cultural

scheme laid out later in Book II.


An analogous dialectic, at a different heuristic level, is described by M.

Lollini: «Certo è vero che il feudalesimo meridionale influenza la sua inter-