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Vico’s Ring


A. Haddock,

Vico’s “Discovery of the True Homer

”, cit., pp. 593-597, for a more

detailed discussion of Vico’s approach to the Homeric poems.


§ 880 (Book III, Section II, Chapter I, Proof VI): «by many centuries».


This is succinctly summarized in § 879 (Book III, Section II, Chapter I,

Proof V), stating in the case of the


: «[…] when Greece was young and

consequently seething with sublime passions, such as pride, wrath, and lust for

vengeance, passions which do not tolerate dissimulation but which love mag-

nanimity; and hence Greece admired Achilles, the hero of violence. […] the

peoples of Greece found pleasure in coarseness, villainy, ferocity, savagery,

and cruelty», in contrast with the


: «when the spirits of Greece had

been somewhat cooled by reflection, which is the mother of prudence, so that

it admired Ulysses, the hero of wisdom. […] they found delight in […] luxury

[…], […] joys […], […] pleasures […], […] songs […], […] pastimes […], and

[…] attempts […] on […] chastity […]».